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Saturday, December 16, 2017

The Kolo Touré / Yaya Touré Football (Soccer) Songs/Chant & Dance (Information & Video Examples)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post provides information about footballer Kolo Touré and Yaya Touré and also provides information about Kolo/Yaya Touré football (soccer) songs/chants and dance.

Five videos of those songs/chants and dances are also showcased on this page.

The content of this post is presented for cultural and entertainment purposes.

Thanks to Kolo Touré and Yaya Touré and thanks to their fans who created these football songs/chants and dances. Thanks also to all those who are quoted in this post and thanks to the publishers of these videos on YouTube.
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Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2017/12/what-african-name-toure-means-etymology.html
for the related pancocojams post entitled What The African Name Touré Means (Etymology, History, & Examples Of Famous People With That Name).

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INFORMATION ABOUT KOLO TOURE
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolo_Tour%C3%A9
"Kolo Abib Touré (born 19 March 1981) is an Ivorian former footballer. He played as a defender for Arsenal, Manchester City, Liverpool, Celtic and the Ivory Coast national team.

Beginning his career at ASEC Mimosas, Touré moved to Arsenal in 2002, where he made 326 appearances for the club and was a member of the 03–04 'invincibles' side. In 2009, he moved to Manchester City, where he was joined a year later by his younger brother Yaya Touré, helping City earn its first league title in 44 years. In 2013 Touré transferred to Liverpool. He is one of the eight players who have won the Premier League with two different clubs, having won it with Manchester City and Arsenal. He also won the Scottish Premiership with Celtic.

Touré is the second-most capped player for the Ivory Coast, with 120 appearances from 2000 to 2015. He represented the team at the 2006, 2010 and 2014 FIFA World Cup tournaments. Touré also represented the Ivory Coast at seven Africa Cup of Nations tournaments between 2002 and 2015, helping them finish runner-up in 2006 and 2012, while winning in 2015.

[...]

Place of birth Bouaké, Ivory Coast"...

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INFORMATION ABOUT YAYA TOURE
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yaya_Tour%C3%A9
"Gnégnéri Yaya Touré (born 13 May 1983) is an Ivorian professional footballer who plays as a central midfielder for Premier League club Manchester City. He also played for and captained the Ivory Coast national team.

Touré aspired to be a striker during his youth[3] and has played centre-back, including for Barcelona in the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final.[4] However, he has spent the majority of his career as a box-to-box midfielder for club and country, where he has been regarded as one of the world's best players in his position.[5] He was voted African Footballer of the Year for 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014.[6][7]

Touré began his playing career at Ivorian club ASEC Mimosas, where he made his debut at age 18. His performances attracted attention from Europe. He had stints with Beveren, Metalurh Donetsk, Olympiacos and Monaco before moving to Barcelona in 2007. He played over 70 matches for the club and was part of the historic 2009 Barcelona side that won six trophies in a calendar year. In 2010, Touré moved to Premier League club Manchester City, where he scored a number of key goals for the Citizens, most notably the only goals in the 2011 FA Cup semi-final and final. He also helped City earn their first league title in 44 years.

Touré earned 100 caps for the Ivory Coast from 2004 to 2015, representing the nation at the 2006, 2010 and 2014 FIFA World Cup tournaments. He also represented them in six Africa Cup of Nations in 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013 and 2015, helping them finish runner-up in 2006 and 2012, while captaining them to victory in 2015. He is the younger brother of fellow footballer Kolo Touré, who was his teammate at Manchester City and on the national team.

[...]

Place of birth Bouaké, Ivory Coast"...

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INFORMATION ABOUT THE YAYA KOLO TOURE FOOTBALL SONGS/CHANTS AND DANCES
From http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/managers/gary-neville/12164524/Valencia-fans-brilliantly-adapt-the-Yaya-Toure-Kolo-Toure-song-for-Gary-Neville.html By Callum Davis10:10AM GMT 19 Feb 2016
..."The iconic chant was first used by Manchester City fans when the Toure brothers were both plying their trade at the Etihad in 2012.

Based on the popular nineties song 'No Limit' by 2 Unlimited, the song became a staple chant for Manchester CIty supporters.....

Since that day the song has taken on a life of it's own, with countless versions recorded up and down the country in pubs, clubs and even schools."...
-snip-
Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RkEXGgdqMz8 for a video of the 1993 song "No Limits".

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LYRICS FOR ONE VERSION OF THE YAYA / KOLO TOURE SONG/CHANT
Kolo, Kolo Kolo, Kolo Kolo, Kolo Kolo Touré!

Yaya, Yaya Yaya, Yaya Yaya, Yaya Yaya Touré!

[repeat as many times as you wish]
-snip-
Based on the number of YouTube video, this appears to be the most popular version of this football song/chant.

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LYRICS FOR ANOTHER VERSION OF THE YAYA / KOLO TOURE SONG/CHANT
They're the Touré boys!
Kololo, ah Kololo, Kolo lo lo lo.
They're the Touré boys!
Yayaya, ah Yayaya YayaYaya ya.


[repeat as many times as you wish]
-snip-
This version is sung at about 1:00 of the video given as Example #1 below.
-snip-
Transcription by Azizi Powell from the video. Additions and corrections are welcome.
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SHOWCASE EXAMPLES
Example #1: KOLO YAYA TOURE SONGS | Advent Calendar | December 21



Man City, Published on Dec 20, 2012

Kolo and Yaya Toure listen to the City fans songs about them.

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Example #2: Kolo Toure does the Toure brothers song



Liverpool FC, Published on Dec 13, 2013

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Example #3: Liverpool players in Dubai singing & dancing to Kolo Toure Song...



LFC Photo, Published on May 27, 2015

Liverpool players in Dubai singing & dancing to Kolo Toure Song...

Simply amazing...

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Example #4: Toure yaya kolo song (choir)



Charlie Tedeschi, Published on Jan 1, 2017

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Example #5: Hilarious! Toure performs Kolo/Yaya dance



My Football Views, Published on Apr 17, 2017

Arsenal invincible and Celtic defender Kolo Toure inadvertently reveals Whitney Houston as his guilty pleasure, when asked "what was his favourite chant from the fans." Toure then proceeds to carry out the famous Kolo/Yaya dance.

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Visitor comments are welcome.

Friday, December 15, 2017

What The African Name Touré Means (Etymology, History, & Examples Of Famous People With That Name)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post provides information and commentary about the African name "Touré".

The content of this post is presented for etymological, historical, and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.
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Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2017/12/lists-of-mandinka-west-african-language.html for the closely related pancocojams post Lists Of Mandinka (West African Language) Given Names Ending In "Ou".

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GENERAL COMMENTS ABOUT THE ORIGIN, MEANING, AND USE OF THE AFRICAN NAME "TOURE"
1. The African name "Touré" is of ancient Soninke (West African) origin.

"Soninke" is a branch of the Mande people of West Africa. "Mandinka" is one of the other branches of this large ethnic group.

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tour%C3%A9
"Touré is the French transcription of a West African surname (the English transcription is Turay). The name is probably derived from tùùré, the word for 'elephant' in Soninké, the language of the Ghana Empire.[1]

Notes
[1] Diagana, Ousmane Moussa (1995), La langue soninkée : morphosyntaxe et sens à travers le parler de Kaédi (Mauritanie), Paris : L'Harmattan."
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Also, read excerpts below from a nairaland.com discussion about the Mande people. Those excerpts include references to Soninke names in general and the name "Toùré" in particular.

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2. "Touré" is traditionally used as a surname (last name, family name) by the Soninkes and doesn't appear to also be used as a given name (personal name) in West Africa.

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3. "Touré" is used as a given name by at least one African American - the writer, music journalist, cultural critic, and television personality Touré Neblett;(born March 20, 1971) who is known by his first name only https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tour%C3%A9_(journalist).

While I don't know of other African Americans with the given name "Touré", I wouldn't be surprised if other Black American males (and other Black males in the African Diaspora) were given or self-selected that name.

**
4. The Soninke (West African) surname "Touré" means "elephant". Elephants traditionally symbolize royalty and power (and other positive attributes) for the Soninkes and for other West African cultures. (Read the Wikipedia excerpt about elephants that is given below as note #4).

Therefore, the surname (and the given name) "Touré" can be said to mean "nobility and power".
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Pancocojams Editor's notes about the statements that are given above:
I purposely refer to the African etymology of "Touré" to distinguish it from the unrelated etymology of the European surnames "Tour", De la Tour, Latour, Torre, etc. Click http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Tour for a post about the etymology of those surnames.

Here's some general information about the Soninke people and the Soninke language (These excerpts are numbered for referencing purposes only.)
Note #1.
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mand%C3%A9_peoples
"Mandé is a family of ethnic groups in Africa who speak any of the many related Mande languages of the region. Various Mandé groups are found in Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Chad, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone. The Mandé languages belong to it's own language family despite what some western scholars have said and are divided into two primary groups: East Mandé and West Mandé.

The Maninka (also known as Malinke), a branch of the Mandé, are credited with the founding of the largest ancient African empires. Other numerous Mandé groups include the Soninke, Bambara, and Dyula. Smaller groups include the Ligbi, Vai, and Bissa."...
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"Mandingo" is an outdated referent for a branch of the Mande people more appropriately referred to as "Mandinka", "Manding" or "Malinke".

The referent "Mandingo" became known in the United States as a result of the 1957 novel and 1975 movie, both with the title Mandingo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandingo_(novel).

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Note #2.
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soninke_people
"The Soninke, also called Sarakole, Seraculeh, or Serahuli, are an African ethnic group found in eastern Senegal and its capital Dakar, northwestern Mali and Foute Djalon in Guinea, and southern Mauritania.[2] They speak the Soninke language, also called Maraka language, which is one of the Mande languages.[3]

Predominantly Muslim, as the Soninke were one of the early ethnic groups of Africa to convert to Islam in about the 10th century.[4] The contemporary population of Soninke people is estimated to be over 2 million.[1]

Soninke people were the founders of the ancient empire of Ghana c. 750-1240 CE. Subgroups of Soninke include the Maraka and Wangara. When the Ghana empire dispersed, the resulting diaspora brought Soninkes to Mali, Senegal, Mauritania, Gambia, Burkina Faso, and Guinea-Bissau where some of this trading diaspora was called Wangara.[5] The cultural practices of Soninke people are similar to the Mandé peoples...

**
Note #3
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soninke_language
“The Soninke language (Soninke: Sooninkanxanne[3]) is a Mande language spoken by the Soninke people of West Africa. The language has an estimated 1,096,795 speakers, primarily located in Mali, and also (in order of numerical importance of the communities) in Senegal, Ivory Coast, The Gambia, Mauritania, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea and Ghana. It enjoys the status of a national language in Mali, Senegal, The Gambia and Mauritania.

The language is relatively homogeneous, with only slight phonological, lexical, and grammatical variations.”...
-snip-
More Information about the Soninke people is given below in this post.

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Note #4.
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_depictions_of_elephants
"Elephants have been depicted in mythology, symbolism and popular culture. They are both revered in religion and respected for their prowess in war. They also have negative connotations such as being a symbol for an unnecessary burden. Ever since the stone age, when elephants were represented by ancient petroglyphs and cave art, they have been portrayed in various forms of art, including pictures, sculptures, music, film, and even architecture.

[...]

In Africa
Many African cultures revere the African Elephant as a symbol of strength and power.[41][42] It is also praised for its size, longevity, stamina, mental faculties, cooperative spirit, and loyalty.[43] South Africa, uses elephant tusks in their coat of arms to represent wisdom, strength, moderation and eternity.[44] The elephant is symbolically important to the nation of Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire); the Coat of arms of Ivory Coast features an elephant head escutcheon as its focal point.

In the western African Kingdom of Dahomey (now part of Benin) the elephant was associated with the 19th century rulers of the Fon people, Guezo and his son Glele.[j] The animal is believed to evoke strength, royal legacy, and enduring memory as related by the proverbs: "There where the elephant passes in the forest, one knows" and "The animal steps on the ground, but the elephant steps down with strength."[45] Their flag depicted an elephant wearing a royal crown."

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FAMOUS PEOPLE WITH THE NAME TOURE
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tour%C3%A9

[...]

Notable people with the surname include:

Ahmed Touré (born 1987), Ivorian footballer (El Gouna)
Ahmed Sékou Touré (1922–1984), Guinean politician, first President of Guinea (1958–1984)
Aida Touré, Gabonese poet, artist and composer
Alhassane Touré (born 1984), Malian footballer
Ali Farka Touré (1939–2006), Malian musician, father of Vieux Farka Touré
Alioune Touré (born 1978), French footballer
Almamy Touré (born 1996), Malian footballer (AS Monaco FC)
Amadou Touré (born 1982), Burkinabé footballer (FC Wiltz 71)
Amadou Toumani Touré (born 1948), Malian politician, former President of Mali (2002–2012)
Aminatou Maïga Touré, Nigerien diplomat
Ansu Toure (born 1981), Liberian footballer
Askia M. Touré (born 1938), American poet and essayist
Assimiou Touré (born 1988), Togolese footballer (SpVgg Burgbrohl)
Bako Touré (1939-2001), Malian footballer, father of José Touré
Bassala Touré (born 1976), Malian footballer (Levadiakos)
Bassary Touré, Malian economist and politician
Cheikh Touré (born 1970), French athlete (long jump)
Demba Touré (born 1984), Senegalese footballer (Grasshopper)
Doudou Touré (born 1991), Mauritanian footballer (Vancouver Whitecaps)
Hamadoun Touré, Malian diplomat, Secretary General of the International Telecommunications Union (2007–present)
Hervé Touré (born 1982), French basketball player
Ibrahim Touré (1985–2014), Ivorian footballer (Smouha), brother of Kolo and Yaya Touré
Ibrahima Touré (born 1985), Senegalese footballer (Wydad Casablanca)
José Touré (born 1961), French footballer (Nantes)
Karidja Touré (born 1994), French actress
Kolo Touré (born 1981), Ivorian footballer (Liverpool, Arsenal, Manchester City), brother of Yaya and Ibrahim Touré
Larsen Touré (born 1984), Guinean footballer (Ipswich Town F.C.)
Mamam Cherif Touré (born 1981), Togolese footballer (Livingston)
Samory Toure (c. 1830–1900), founder of the Wassoulou Empire
Sanoussi Touré (born c.1950), Malian politician
Sékou Touré (1934–2003), Ivorian footballer (Montpellier)
Sidi Touré (born 1959), Malian singer and songwriter
Sidya Touré (born 1945), Guinean politician, Prime Minister of Guinea (1996–1999)
Thomas Touré (born 1993), Ivorian footballer (FC Girondins de Bordeaux)
Vieux Farka Touré (born 1981), Malian musician, son of Ali Farka Touré
Yaya Touré (born 1983), Ivorian footballer (Manchester City), brother of Kolo and Ibrahim Touré
Younoussi Touré (born 1941), Malian politician, Prime Minister of Mali (1992–1993)
Youssouf Touré (born 1986), French footballer (Colmar)
Zargo Touré (born 1989), Senegalese footballer (Lorient)

Notable people with the forename include:
Touré (journalist) (born 1971), American novelist, music journalist, cultural critic, and television personality

Music
Touré Kunda, a Senegalese music group
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Revised December 16, 2017
Black activist Kwame Toure who coined the term "Black power" (birth name Stokely Carmichael, June 29, 1941 – November 15, 1998) is another example of a famous person whose [self-chosen] surname is an adaptation of the surname Touré.

Here's an excerpt about Kwame Touré
From http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/stokely-carmichael

Stokely Carmichael was a U.S. civil-rights activist who in the 1960s originated the black nationalism rallying slogan, “black power.” Born in Trinidad, he immigrated to New York City in 1952. While attending Howard University, he joined the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and was jailed for his work with Freedom Riders. He moved away from MLK Jr’s nonviolence approach to self-defense.

...."In 1967, Carmichael took a transformative journey, traveling outside the United States to visit with revolutionary leaders in Cuba, North Vietnam, China and Guinea. Upon his return to the United States, he left SNCC and became Prime Minister of the more radical Black Panthers. He spent the next two years speaking around the country and writing essays on black nationalism, black separatism and, increasingly, pan-Africanism, which ultimately became Carmichael’s life cause. In 1969, Carmichael quit the Black Panthers and left the United States to take up permanent residence in Conakry, Guinea, where he dedicated his life to the cause of pan-African unity. “America does not belong to the blacks,” he said, explaining his departure from the country. Carmichael changed his name to Kwame Toure to honor both the President of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, and the President of Guinea, Sekou Toure.

In 1968, Carmichael married Miriam Makeba, a South African singer. After they divorced, he later married a Guinean doctor named Marlyatou Barry."...

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EXCERPTS FROM A NAIRALAND.COM DISCUSSION ABOUT MANDE PEOPLE
Pancocojams Editor's Note:
"Nairaland.com" is a discussion blog that about Nigerian topics. Almost all of the people posting on that blog appear to be from Nigeria.

These excerpted comments, from an August 2012 discussion entitled "Soninke (serahule) People And Ghana Empire" include general information about the Soninke people and references to some Soninke surnames, including the name "Touré" ("Touray"). I've numbered these comments for referencing purposes only and used italics for certain words or sentences to highlight them.

From http://www.nairaland.com/1029128/soninke-serahule-people-ghana-empire
1. Soninke (serahule) People And Ghana Empire by Nobody: 9:04am On Aug 26, 2012
"The Soninke people

Before going further, we have to precise that the Ghana empire (ancient Ghana ) has nothing to do with the Republic of Ghana in modern times. This is because it was the first independent black republic in Africa that Kwame Nkrumah and his companions decided to give the name of Ghana (the first west african empire ) to former Gold coast as a powerful symbol for millions of Africans and also to promote the rich traditions of the past.

The builders of the Empire of Ghana are from Soninke ethnic . Their descendants today live in Mali, Guinea and Senegal. Depending on the location, Soninke are called Serahule by Wolof people, Marka by Bambaras etc .... Later, after the disintegration of the empire, Soninkes will adopt the profession of Diula (trader) a hitherto specialty of their Malinke neighbors. But they were mostly rulers of states , due to their keen sense of power.

Soninke ethnic is very broad. Due to war and drought, Soninkes are scattered throughout West Africa. Their dispersion is such that certain elements are difficult to identify because of their absorption by the natives of their country of residence. In some cases they have gradually lost the use of their native language to take that Aboriginal and today it is hard to take them for Soninkes. This is the case for example in Guinea, where the Soninke were absorbed by the Malinke, and to a lesser extent by the Fulani and Susu. But they did keep their surnames which are generally Cissé, Sylla, Diakité, Drame, Tounkara, Diané etc ...

Later, some simply preferred to adopt new names that fitted better with their activities. Such as Kaba or Yansané
..."
-snip-
This portion of this comment is fully given "as is", including the ellipses "...".

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2. Re: Soninke (serahule) People And Ghana Empire by Nobody: 7:51pm On Aug 26, 2012
Soninke names.
"I (Tried) to put the english equivalents in parenthesis
Original soninke names are:

Cissé ( Ceesay)
Sy
Bathily (Bacciley??)
Marega
Wague (Wageh)
Sylla
Tandian, Tandi (Tanjah)
Yatabéré (Yatabarey)
Sakho (Saho)
Bomou (Bomu)
Soukhouna (Sohna)
Doucouré (Dukurey)
Kaba (kabah)
Niakhaté (Niaxatey)
Diawara (Jawara)
Sima
Dabo
Tabouré (Taburey)
Fissourou (Fisuru)
Fadiga
Bérété (baratey)
Tounkara (Tunkara)
Touré (Touray)
Soumaré (Sumareh)
Diakhaba (Jaxabah)
Daffé (Dafey)

Due to mixing they also bear mandinka names:

Dramé (Drameh)
Diakité (Jakitey)
Diarra (Jara)
Sidibé (Sidibey)
Coulibaly (Kulibaley)
Dioumassi (Jumasi)
Gassama
Dembélé (dembaley)
Cissokho (Cisoho)
Kébé (Kabeh)

You can also find fulani names among them mostly Ba (Bah), Diallo (jallow) , and Dia (Jah)
One sonike clan has the name N'Diaye (Njie) which is wolof by origin."

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3. Re: Soninke (serahule) People And Ghana Empire by Nobody: 7:32pm On Aug 26, 2012
"
kandiikane: Ohhhh, so ceesay could also be a serahule name? Ahh.

I was wondering which ethnicity has the spelling "cisse" in senegal. Do the mandinkas there use the last name "cisse" or "ceesay"?
"

"Kandii I put the names in french because I don't know how u write it in english...Cisse( ceesay) means "Jumper" in soninke language , the most famous Ghana emperor was Khaye Maghan Cisse who defeated the berber dynasty and realized soninke unity. The same goes for names " Sy" (horse in soninke) , particularly found among toucouleur people and "Savane" ( white) mosty found among jola people. But a lot of people of all mende groups use the name ceesay, due to migrations of soninke people. It is also very frequent among wolofs, because soninkes were the first group to be islamized and were very reputed as marabouts. So when a soninke marabout visited a wolof village, people to make him stay with them would give him a wife, so he would have no choice but to stay. That's why you can find wolofs with names like Touray, ceesay, Jaxateh, tunkara etc
But in Senegambia at least , you can tell the group of someone whose name is cisse by his 'dakantal" (it'S the suffix we use after last names like "Njie Jata" or " Joob Juba". So Cisses who are mandinka or bambara will use "Cisse mandi Mory" ( Cisse marabout of mande) , Soninkes will say "Cisse Xaresi Wagadu Niame", Toucouleurs will say "Cisse Ngarey Njar mew" (Ngarey=bull, Njar mew=mix the milk with water=also ancient name of eastern senegal area) while wolofs will say " Cisse madamel" (damm= to break in wolof, madamel= the sir who broke)."
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Her's a definition for the word "marabout" from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marabout
"A marabout (Arabic: مُرابِط‎, translit. murābiṭ, lit. 'one who is attached/garrisoned') is a Muslim religious leader and teacher[1] in West Africa, and (historically) in the Maghreb. The marabout is often a scholar of the Qur'an, or religious teacher. Others may be wandering holy men who survive on alms, Sufi Murshids ("Guides"), or leaders of religious communities."

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Visitor comments are welcome.



Thursday, December 14, 2017

Lists Of Mandinka (West African Language) Given Names Ending In "Ou"

Edited by Azizi Powell

Latest revision December 15, 2017

This pancocojams post presents lists of Mandinka given names ending in "ou". These names are compiled from seven websites of names from Gambia, West Africa. However, many if not all of these names are also probably found among Mandinka people in other West African nations.

A few Mandinka names that include "ou" or begin with "ou" are also found in this compilation. However, the inclusion of those examples, doesn't mean that every West African given name, surname, or other words that contain the "ou" 'cluster' or begins with the "ou" cluster comes from the Mandinka language.

General information about Mandinka people & Mandinka language are included in this post along with general statements about Mandinka given (personal) names.

The content of this post is presented for etymological and cultural purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.
-snip-
Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2017/12/what-african-name-toure-means-etymology.html for the closely related pancocojams post "What The African Name Touré Means (Etymology, History, & Examples Of Famous People With That Name)".

Note that the name comes from Touré the Soninke branch of the Mande people of West Africa. Mandinka is one of the other branches of this large ethnic group.

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INFORMATION ABOUT MANDINKA (PEOPLE)
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandinka_people
"The Mandinka (also known as Mandenka, Mandinko, Mandingo, Manding or Malinke)[9] are a African ethnic group with an estimated global population of 11 million (the other three largest ethnic groups in Africa being the unrelated Fula, Hausa and Songhai peoples). The Mandinka are the descendants of the Mali Empire, which rose to power in the 13th century under the rule of the Malinké/Maninka king Sundiata Keita.

The Mandinka are one ethnic group within the larger linguistic family of the Mandé peoples, who account for more than 90 million people. (Other Mande peoples include the Dyula, Bozo, Bissa and Bambara). Originally from Mali, the Mandinka gained their independence from previous empires in the 13th century and founded an empire which stretched across Africa. They migrated west from the Niger River in search of better agricultural lands and more opportunities for conquest. Through a series of Fula conflicts known as the Fula jihads, particularly the Fula-led Imamate of Futa Jallon, many Mandinka people converted from indigenous animist beliefs to Islam. In the 21st century, more than 99% of Mandinka in contemporary Africa are Muslim.[10][11]

The Mandinka people live primarily in Africa, particularly in The Gambia and Guinea—in both of which they constitute the largest ethnic group.[12] Major populations of the Mandinka people also live in Mali, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Guinea-Bissau, Niger and Mauritania. Although widespread, in most countries the Mandinka are not the largest ethnic group.[12] Most Mandinka live in family-related compounds in traditional rural villages. Their traditional society has featured socially stratified castes.[9][13][14] Mandinka communities have been fairly autonomous and self-ruled, being led by a chief and group of elders. Mandinka has been an oral society where mythologies, history and knowledge is verbally transmitted from one generation to next.[15]"

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INFORMATION ABOUT MANDINKA (LANGUAGE)
From https://www.omniglot.com/writing/mandinka.htm
"Mandinka (Mandi'nka kango / لغة مندنكا)

Mandinka is a Mande language with about 1.3 million speakers (in 2006) in Mali, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea-Bissau and Chad. It is the main language of The Gambia, and is recognised as a minority language in Senegal. Mandinka is also known as Mandingo.

There are versions of the Latin and Arabic scripts for writing Mandinka. The Latin script is official, but the Arabic script is used by more people, and is older. The N'Ko script is also used in north east Guinea, and in neighbouring parts of Ivory Coast and Mali.”...

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GENERAL COMMENTS ABOUT MANDINKA GIVEN NAMES
From http://www.accessgambia.com/information/names.html
Excerpt quoted in Google search but is no longer found on that website (as of December 14, 2017)
"Most Gambian names are either directly from the Koran or they are modified versions of them. For example Lamin is the local for for Al-Amin (a title given to the prophet Mohammed which means "the trustworthy"). In fact most first born males from the Mandinka tribe are named Lamin which can lead to a great deal of [confusion]...” [Pancocojams Editor: This quote ends with the word "of"]

**
[Here's the portion of that introduction that's found on that website as of December 14, 2017]
"Names of People in Gambia

Gambian names will be unfamiliar at first to European ears—though some Gambians are called John, many more are called by 'African' names such as Lamin (derived from the Arabic Al-Amin) which is the most common Gambian name or Muslim names such as Mohammed.

....Note that spelling variations are common."...
-snip-
From my internet reading, I believe that "ou" in these Mandinka names have the same sound as the English "u", and may be the 'standard' way that the "u" sound is written in that language. Note, for example, that the male name "Abdoulie" is a Mandinka form of the Arabic male name "Abdul".

****
LISTS OF MANDINKA GIVEN NAMES ENDING IN "OU"
Pancocojams Editor's Note:
These lists are given in no particular order. Numbers are assigned to these lists for referencing purposes only.

Names from one list are often found on other lists.

Name meanings aren't given unless they are included in the quoted text.

LIST #1
From http://pecesofadream.blogspot.com/2008/09/gambia-local-names-ane-their-meaning.html
"GAMBIA LOCAL NAMES AND THEIR MEANING
Abdou-M -man's name (Mandinka)

Abi-F-short form of Abibatu, Abisatou, Abiyatou

Abdoulie-M-short form of Abdoulie

Alabatou-F-to worship (Mandinka)

Alamouta-M-to rely on God (Mandinka)

Amadou-M-one of Muhammad's names; popular boy's name

Antouman-M -man's name (Mandinka)

Babou-M-Baabu and Buubakar stand for Abuubakar

Bintou-F-lady's name (Mandinka)

Dodou-M

Fatou-F

Fatoumatta-F

Hasimou -M

Isatou-F- long form of Ayisa (Isa)

Jibou-M

Modou-M

Saikou-M-popular boy's name"
-snip-
Here's an excerpt from that site publisher’s profile statement:
“My name is Dulci.People call Dulci Bonita. I was born in Suriham Amsterdam and love travelling that brings me to Banjul, The gambia (West Africa)I see a lot of talent in the children of The Gambia expecially in the Ebo-Village Where My Husband's Family lives and it is through them they inspired me to try to give them a chance to make their dreamd come true and create more love for the African People in General. This site is based on love,nature,dreams,understanding and real African culture expecially that of The Gambia and the Ebo-Village community. And mostly its a community web site For The Gambians And the Ebo-Village Community.My next Admine is Amadou G Jallow who is In the Gambia And is based in the Ebo-Village who is so couragious,and curious to tell every one about the real life of the African,Gambian people and its culture.”...

****
LIST #2
From http://resourcepage.gambia.dk/names.htm

[Pancocojams Editor- These names were given in two sections: the first section highlighted common names for boys and common names for girls, and the second section presented a more comprehensive list of names for boys and a list for girls. I combined those lists of boys names and girls names into one list and added [m] for males (boys) and [f] for females (girls) after the names.]

“Traditional Names

Disclaimer:This list is still under development and is far from comprehsive. So if we missed your name, or another traditional Gambian name that you know about, please let us know so we can add it to the list.
Below are some fairly common names one may find in The Gambia:
Abdoulie(Abdou)

Amadou- M

Momodou (or just 'Modou')-M

Ousman - M

Saikou-M

Fatoumatta (or just Fatou)-F

Satou -F

Here is a more comprehensive list of names. This list of names was derived from the Mandinka dictionary, but many of these names are common among the other major ethnic groups in The Gambia as well, such as the Fula, Wolof, and Jola.

Abdoulie(Abdou) [m]

Alimatou [f]

Amadou [m]

Bassirou [m]

Baturou [m]

Bintou/Bintu [f]

Fatoumatta (or just Fatou) [f]

Hasimou [m]

Isatou [f]

Jahou [f]

Jatou [f]

Jibou [f]

Momodou (or just 'Modou') [m]

Saikou [m]"
-snip-
Here's the link to the Mandinka dictionary that was the source for the names on this list:
http://resourcepage.gambia.dk/langabot.htm

****
LIST #3
From http://www.accessgambia.com/information/names.html
Names of People in Gambia
..."Below are listed popular Gambian male and female first names as well as common surnames; nicknames are in parenthesis. Note that spelling variations are common."

[Pancocojams Editor- These names were given in two lists one for boys and one for girls. I combined the list and added [m] for males (boys) and [f] for females (girls) after the names.]

Abdoulaye [m]

Baboucar (Bouba) [m]

Fatoumata (Fatou) [f]

Isatou [f]

Kaddyatou (Kady) [f]

Ramatoulaye (Ramou) [f]

Saihou [m]"

****
LIST #4
From http://www.lowchensaustralia.com/names/gambia.htm
"Abou-m

Abdoulie- m

Abdou-m- short form of Abdoulie

Abi -f- short form of Abibatu, Abisatou, Abiyatou

Alabatou – f- to worship [Mandinka]

Alamatou-m- to rely on God

Amadou- m-one of Mohammad’s names, popular boy’s name

Antouman-m- man’s name

Babou- m- Baabu and Buubakar stand for Abuubakar -man’s name (Mandinka)

Bintou-F- ladies name (Mandinka)

Dodou – M

Fatou- F

Fatoumatta -F

Hasimou-M

Isatou-F- long form of Ayisa (Isa)

Jabou- F

Jatou-M

Jibou-M

Modou-M

Momodou-M

Ousman-M

Saikou-M- popular boy’s names

****
LIST #5
From http://www.columbia.edu/~msj42/Common%20Gambian%20First%20Names.htm
"List of Gambian Names was compiled by Mr. Saikou Samateh with contributions from subscribers to Gambia-L discussion forum. Please note that some names are used by both male and female. Thanks to everyone who contributed to the list.

Last updated: 12/16/08.

[Pancocojams Editor’s Note: This full list includes a number of “standard English” given names]

Gambian Names

FEMALE
Allabatou

Allamouta

Allimatou

Asanatou

Coumba

Coura

Fatoumata

Fatou

Babibatou

Houdja

Houmou

Isatou

Jariatou

Kodou

Kurou

Olimatou

Ousainatou

Sainabou

Sanou

Saratou

MALE

Abdoulaye

Alboury

Alfusainou

Allabatou

Allamouta

Amadou

Baboucar

Basirou

Bechou

Fallou

Houn

Ibou

Ketabou

Momodou

Mounir

Ousainou

Ousman

Saidou

Saikou

Sambou

****
LIST #6
From http://www.afropedea.org/common-mandinka-names Common Mandinka Names
"Mandinkas (Mandingo) were founders of the Great Mali Empire. Mandinka first names are typically
Africanized Arabic names.

Fatou [f]

Isatou [f]

Coulibaly [M]

Kouyaté [m]

Ouattara [m]

****
LIST #7
From http://mansata.wikifoundry.com/page/Gambian+Names+**FEMALE**+**NEW**
"Babibatou

Fatoumata

Fatou

Isatou

Jabou

Jariatou

Kodou

Kurou

Ndiabou

Olimatou

Ousainatou

Tasatou"

****
LINK TO RELATED PANCOCOJAMS POST
http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2017/12/senegalese-childrens-song-fatou-yo-by.html
"Senegalese Children's Song "Fatou Yo" by Touré Kunda (information, lyrics, & YouTube sound file)"

****
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Visitor comments are welcome.

Wednesday, December 13, 2017

Senegalese Children's Song "Fatou Yo" by Touré Kunda (information, lyrics, & YouTube sound file)

Edited by Azizi Powell

Revised December 14, 2017

This pancocojams post provides information about the Senegalese band Touré Kunda and showcases that band's hit children's song "Fatou Yo".

Information about the language that is used for this song is included in this post along with information about the name "Fatou".

The content of this post is presented for cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to Touré Kunda for its musical legacy and thanks to all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to the publishers of these examples on YouTube.

Hat tip to Mrs Barnes from Pittsburgh Dilworth Pre-Kindergarten for teaching this song to my granddaughter and her classmates.

****
INFORMATION ABOUT TOURE KUNDA
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tour%C3%A9_Kunda
"Touré Kunda is a Senegalese band noted for their musical versatility and political activism. Their 36-year career encompasses recordings in over six languages and collaborations with well-known musicians such as Carlos Santana and Talking Heads. They have had considerable success in Africa and Europe and are active in social causes such as Children's rights and advocates for the homeless.

Biography
Born twenty-two days apart in 1950 in Ziguinchor in Casamance, Senegal, Ismaïla and Sixu Tidiane Touré were introduced to music by their elder brother Amadou, a singer and musician.

They moved to Paris to complete their musical education. They worked their way up in the Parisian scene. The group sings in Soninké, Wolof, Fula, Mandingo, Diola, and Portuguese creole, reflecting the multilingual mixture of the people of Casamance.

Their first album, Ismaïla do Sixu, was released in 1979. It was followed by E'Mma Africa in 1980 and Touré Kunda in 1982. In 1985, following the death of their brother and mentor Amadou, Ismael and Sixu Tidiane toured throughout Africa.

Upon returning to France, they found considerable success and critical acclaim among the French music press. In 1992, they were invited to play for Nelson Mandela at the Courtyard of Human Rights.

In 1999 their album Légendes, a retrospective of their 20-year career, was released. Shortly thereafter, they participated in Carlos Santana's album Supernaturel and toured with him. A greatest hits album, Best Of, was released in 2006. Their most recent album, Santhiaba, came out in 2008.

Ismaïla and Sixu Tidiane Touré are members of the sponsoring committee of the United Nations' Decade for the Promotion of a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World."...

****
SHOWCASE EXAMPLE: AFRICA Music /Best of all time : TOURE KUNDA: Fatou Yo



WitnessTheDevine, Uploaded on Jul 16, 2011

This is an african song , a little all , Almost every generation in Senegal loved it .....Every generation sang it , ,, and it still rocks ......

****
INFORMATION ABOUT THE SONG "FATOU YO"
Here's a summary of that song from Best Children's Music [website no longer available on December 13, 2017]
"Toure Kunda (TOUR-ray KOON-dah) / Senegal / Fatou Yo (I Am Fatou) sung in Mandingo*. Fatou is a little girl who lives in Senegal, a country in Africa. She likes to dance with the other boys and girls in her village, and dreams about singing with baby elephants and giraffes.

The song is a sikko (SEE-koh), a dance where people get in a line and hold their hands towards the sky or hold the waist of the person in front of them. Senegal is a country in Western Africa that borders the Atlantic Ocean. There are many different tribes and ethnic groups, each with a unique culture. Languages spoken include Wolof, Fulani, Serer and Mandingo, but the common language is French because Senegal used to be a colony of France."
-snip-
I reformatted this summary to enhance its readability.

*Here's information about the Mandingo language (correct term: Mandinka) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandinka_language
"The Mandinka language (Mandi'nka kango), or Mandingo, is a Mandé language spoken by the Mandinka people of the Casamance region of Senegal, the Gambia, and northern Guinea-Bissau. It is the principal language of the Gambia.

Mandinka belongs to the Manding branch of Mandé, and is thus similar to Bambara and Maninka/Malinké. In a majority of areas, it is a tonal language with two tones: low and high, although the particular variety spoken in the Gambia and Senegal borders on a pitch accent due to its proximity with non-tonal neighboring languages like Wolof."...

****
INFORMATION ABOUT THE NAME "FATOU"
"Fatou" [pronounced FAH-tu], a short form of the name "Fatoumatta" (also found as "Fatoumata").

"Fatoumatta" )"Fatoumata") is a Mandinka (language) name that is a form of the Arabic female name "Fatima".
http://www.vornamen-liste.de/female-arabic-first-names-f.html
"Fatou
Fatou is a female given name common in West Africa. In Gambia, he* is traditionally given to first-born daughters. The Arabic form of the name is Fatima."
-snip-
"he"= "it"

****
Here's a quote from a website that includes the names Fatoumatta ("Fatou"):
http://resourcepage.gambia.dk/names.htm:
"Here is a more comprehensive list of names. This list of names was derived from the Mandinka dictionary*, but many of these names are common among the other major ethnic groups in The Gambia as well, such as the Fula, Wolof, and Jola."

*Mandinka Dictionary
by Ebrima Colley, Peace Corps, 1995; http://resourcepage.gambia.dk/ftp/mandinka.pdf
-snip-
Click for the related pancocojams post http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2017/12/lists-of-mandinka-west-african-language.html Lists Of Mandinka (West African Language) Given Names Ending In "Ou"

****
LYRICS - FATOU YO
(performed by Touré Kunda)

Fatou yo si dia dialano
Fatou yo si dia dialano
Fatou yo si dia dialano
Fatou yo si dia dialano

Fatou faye faye fatou
Fatou kélémen dio
Fatou yo si dia dialano
Fatou faye faye fatou
Fatou kélémen dio
Fatou yo si dia dialano

Boutoumbélé boutoumbélé
Boutoumbélé boutoumbélé
Boutoumbélé boutoumbélé
Boutoumbélé boutoumbélé
Boutoumbélé o ma mi se ra
O Ma mycasse boutoumbélé
O ma mi se ra
O Ma mycasse boutoumbélé"

Source:http://www.mamalisa.com/?t=es&p=3134:
-snip-
mamalisa.com gives the language used in this song as "Balanta". I believe that that information is incorrect in part because "Balanta" is a language from the West African nation of Guinea-Bissau and the music group Touré Kunda is from Senegal, West Africa.

Also, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tour%C3%A9_Kunda indicates that "The group [Touré Kunda] sings in Soninké, Wolof, Fula, Mandingo, Diola, and Portuguese creole, reflecting the multilingual mixture of the people of Casamance."...
-snip-
In addition, the summary for "Fatou Yo" that is given above indicates that it is sung in Mandingo (i.e. Mandinka). I think that is the correct information.

These same non-English lyrics are found as subtitles in this YouTube sound file: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-eEzPu6M-U.

Here's the English translation for "Fatou Yo" from that mamalisa.com website:

"I am Fatou, pretty Fatou,
I am Fatou, pretty Fatou,
I am Fatou, pretty Fatou,
I am Fatou, pretty Fatou.

Fatou oh, oh Fatou,
Like all the children of the world
I am Fatou, pretty Fatou.
Fatou oh, oh Fatou,
Like all the children of the world
I am Fatou, pretty Fatou.

I am happy and will surely grow up
I am happy and will surely grow up
I am happy and will surely grow up
I am happy and will surely grow up
I will grow up like everybody else
Like the little elephants and the little giraffes
Like everybody else
Like the little elephants and the little giraffes."

****
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